The holy city of Varanasi, known as the
city of temples and learning , is a place
of great historical and cultural importance.
Varanasi, the oldest living city in the
world, is the spiritual, cultural, religious
and educational capital of the country.
It has inspired curiosity as well as reverence
among people around the world.
have been given to Varanasi.
derives from the two rivers that flank the
city, the Varuna to the north and the Asi
to the south. Other names are Kashi ,the
"City of Light", Kashika, "the
shining one", referring to the light
of Shiva. Another epithet, Avimukta, meaning
"Never Forsaken", refers to the
city that Shiva never deserted, or that
one should never leave.
alternatives include Anandavana,
the "forest of bliss",
and Rudravasa, the place where
Shiva (Rudra) resides. No other
city on earth embodies the spiritual
and socio-cultural soul of a nation
better than Varanasi. This religious
capital of India is situated on
the banks of the holy river Ganges
and is presided over by Lord Shiva.
It is the heart of India and an
epitome of the synthesis of cultures,
religions and races.
The river-front of the city is
decorated by hundreds of well
built ghats which is a unique
The holy Buddhist place, Sarnath
is in its precincts. Varanasi,
as depicted in history was a centre
of both Hindu and Buddhist learning
during the Gahadavalas age which
saw the onset of decline in Buddhism.
It has three universities, one
Tibetan Institute and an Institute
of Arabic Studies. Banaras Hindu
University, the largest residential
university of Asia, is a glorious
tribute to its illustrious founder
Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya.
city is reputed for silk fabrics, perfumes,
artistic brass and copper wares and a variety
It is an important centre
of literature, art and culture.
It has produced
great poets, writers, musicians and scholars.
This vibrant city of joy, knowledge and
liberation has a magnetic attraction for
people all over the world.